According to I. Fusacchia et al. (2021), despite the several sub-regional integration agreements in Africa, AfCFTA holds two main features, that are expected to impact the current status-quo.
First, in the policy areas already covered by sub-regional agreements, the AfCFTA will provide a non-discriminatory reduction in tariffs and a common regulatory framework, thereby reducing fragmentation of the continental market.
Second, sub-regional agreements in Africa tend to be relatively shallow, covering few of the non-tariff measures that affect trade integration.
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Source: BATModel | “The AfCFTA impact on agricultural and food trade: a value added perspective“